Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene. Black piping materail used in many plumbing applications. Considered stronger than PVC, resists abrasion and functional in low temperatures. ABS is affected by exposure to sunlight.
Pittsburgh based company that specializes in finding water line leaks, sewer line leaks and location of sewer odor discharges.
These are plumbing fixture valves angled at 90 degrees with a football shaped knob. Used as shut off valves to plumbing fixtures in home.
Metal bit for end of snake that has helical form to drill or bore out clog.
This refers to the pitch or angle of a pipe underground. Back fall means the pitch is tilted back towards house instead of forward to main sewer line.
This refers to sewage backing up into pipe and potentially house. Could also refer to water flowing back into main water supply line due to change in pressure in pipe.
Special pipe fitting that has a one way gate that lifts and shuts off pipe to prevent back flow.
Refers to overflow of sewage waste in floor drain or clean out.
Most effective for shutting off water immediatley. Ball valves are designed to be open or closed within a 1/4 turn of the handle. Commonly used as main shut off valves to homes.
Commercial drain line cleaning product. That can be used for various common plumbing issues such as grease, fats, oils and hair.
Water that contains fecel matter. This would be water coming from toilets in particular.
Line that branches off the homeowners sewer line. This could be a line associated with sink, toilet or shower drain.
Refers to materail such as string, hair or lint soaking up water and draining unused trap over time breaking the water seal and allowing sewer gases to enter household.
Common material for metal sewer lines.
Able to burn or corrode organic tissue by chemical action.
Refers to deterioration and corrosion on the bottom of a cast iron pipe. Typically sewage and waste water collect in bottom of the pipe potentially causing back ups.
Valve made for water lines to ensure water velocity opens valve so water only flows in one direction.
Cured in Place Piping. Process of trenchless sewer line repair.
Crack that has formed around the inside of the pipe. Typically occurs in terra cotta sewer lines.
PVC tube located in yard or driveway that allows access to sewer line to clean and camera. Also any pipe that has a cap or opening to sewer acces is typically reffered to as a clean out.
Special auger designed to fit through interal toilet trap and remove clog.
Highest point of outlet bend of a p-trap which maintains the water seal and prevent sewer gas backflow into the room
Water Companies main shut off to homeowners property. Typically marked in blue and found near connection to main water line.
Large canister trap looking that does not self clean like a p or s trap. Typically not allowed by code. Water stays in bottom of trap to prevent sewer gas coming back into home. Some have cleanouts located on the top. Typically used for showers and bath tubs.
Inspection of storm drains on homeowners property. A dye is used to see if storm water from gutters is leaching into sanitary sewer line.
Method of using a direct electric current (DC) to drive an otherwise non-spontaneous chemical reaction. Refers to water lines corroding due to contact with dissimilar metals or having a reaction with nearby electrical conductors.
This is a decorative piece of metal located at the bottom of a sink faucet handle to cover hole and stem of faucet handle.
tank found near water heater that is designed to contain excess pressure from changes in thermal expansion
Flexible coupling that are tightened around pipes to connect pipes together.
Fitting refers piece of pipe or a valve that needs to be connected to existing plumbing system.
Commonly found in lowest level of home. Floor drains are openings to the sanitary sewer line of home.
refers to 2×4’s that make up area where concrete is to be poured.
Also ventilation and proper flow to sewer line system typically found in homeowners yard (also known as clean out).
Consists of round knob used to shut internal gate to stop flow of water. Commonly known as a hose bib.
Stands for Gallons Per Minute. This measurement value is used in plumbing especially in reference to flow from water lines and meters.
Standard residential toilet that relies on gravity to carry water and waste into sewer line.
Any waste water that does not contain fecel matter. This would be waste water for sinks, baths, washing machines and kitchen appliances.
Used to hang piping. Typically J-hooks or Look hangers.
Large plumbing trap found in basement or buried in yard that functions the same as any other trap.
A machine that uses high pressure water jet head on a long hose to clean and clear lines.
Process of trenchless water line repair. Impact mole is run through ground creating a hole. New line is attached to mole, pulled back through newly created hole and attached for service.
Refers to a clean out and vertical pipe to sewer. Lamp Poles are typically in reference to long pipes that stick out above ground.
Refers to a company that will locate a hard to find water line leak with special equipment and procedures.
Epoxy resin based piping that is installed inside existing pipe and curred in place with steam.
Refers to a connection made between to pipes with with use of rubber fernco tightened by 2 steel hose clamps.
Trap that has a single U-shaped bend.
Nut located on either side of water shut off valve.
Concave section of sewer line piping allowing sewege to collect in specific section of pipe due to inadequate pitch or downward fall.
Process of trenchless sewer line repair. Defective pipe is broken apart by bursting head while simultaneously pulling new pipe through existing defective pipe.
Material used for CIPP. Cured with heat inside existing defective pipe.
Slotted cast iron cap used on fresh air vents to allow air flow.
Plumbing tool used to clear drain lines. Usually consists of a long metal cable with an auger head.
Pipe that has a bend to trap water in the bottom and create a seal to prevent sewer gas from coming back up through pipe.
Controls water pressure to plumbing fixtures in home. Is typically found close to water meter.
Polyviynl Chloride. White piping material used in many plumbing applications. Relied on for its strength, smooth surface and resistance to abrasion. Is not affected by exposure to sunlight.
2 part process to glue PVC together. First there is a primer that is applied then the adhesive before pipes are connected and left to cure.
This is when tree roots have inflitrated a sewer line pipe and cause issues such as back ups in sewer line.
Trap with two U-shaped bends. Prone to siphonage and loss of water seal.
Refers to deterioration and corrosion inside a cast iron pipe that makes solids stick to the inside of pipe potentially creating back ups in sewer line.
Waste water tank that is connected to properties main sewer line. Sewage is not connect to a city or municpal sewage line it is stored in an underground tank.
Methane, CO2 or Hydrogen Sulfide. All of these gases can be noxious at high concentrations.
Refers to a camera inspection of homeowners sewer line from inside house to main sewer line.
Pipeline where all sewage from homeowners system is carried down to main line.
Plates pressed into earth to prevent collapse of excavation work.
Refers to any valve that stops flow of gas and water.
Pushes smoke into plumbing system to identify hard to spot defects in piping.
Rock Salt. Used to dehydrate roots in a sewer line system.
Tool used by plumbers to cut sections of cast pipe. Uses a chain and winch system to snap sections of pipe.
Horizontal pipe that carries waste to sewer line system from plumbing fixtures.
Vertical pipe. Provides ventialtion to plumbing fixtures and trap via a vent stack but stack vent exist the home usually at the roof.
Commonly used in basement where flooding is common concern. A pit is dug where water collects. A pump is place inside pit to pump excess water out of home.
Pipe that runs from outlet of fixture to inlet of trap. An example would be the long verticle pipe that comes down underneath the sink to the trap.
Pipe fitting that is used to connect vertical pipe to sewer system. Verticle pipe may be a cleanout, fresh air vent or connecting pipe to stack or branch line. Could also be used on water lines to connect to main water supply line. Fitting has two 90 degree angles that either split and inlet or connect an outlet.
Material that makes up clay sewer line. Has hub and joint connection that allows for incursion of tree roots.
A main pipeline where sewage or water branches off to homeowners plumbing system
Vertical pipe that connects to traps and other plumbing fixtures to allow ventilation to sewer system allowing flow and preventing a vaccuum or back siphonage within plumbing system. This is connected to stack vent.
Loud banging noise from pipes when turned on or off. This is due to pressure change when water in motion is immediately stopped or a sudden directional change.
Pipeline where all water is carried from main water line to homeowners system.
Measures water usage of homeowner. Can either be found in the house on the lowest level or outside in curb box.
Similar to a Curb Box. Box located outside that contains meter and water shut off.
Typically measured in Pound per Square Inch (PSI) amount of pressure the water is being forced through pipes.
Typically a small valve used for turning water off or on to individual facilities and/or the house as a whole. Common shut offs are gate valves and ball valves.
Gasket that toilet is seated upon to prevent waste water from leaking out after flush.
The act of preparing piping in basement for freezing temperatures.
Y-shaped pipe used to connect piping systems.